Infertility is the inability of a couple to have children despite regular sexual intercourse. If these couples fail to achieve pregnancy for one year for those under thirty-five years of age and for six months for those over thirty-five years of age, infertility should be investigated. During the reviews, a number of complex factors are taken into account. These factors can include hormonal imbalances, decreased ovarian reserve, blocked tubes, sperm quality problems in the male partner and many others.

What Causes Infertility?

Factors that cause infertility can be found in a wide range of conditions. In women, ovarian dysfunctions such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), endometriosis, anatomical disorders of the uterus and tubes or infection can lead to this situation. In men, disorders in sperm production, genetic factors or infections can trigger this problem. In addition, chronic conditions, medications and their side effects, obesity, alcohol and smoking can also lead to infertility. Incompatibility between couples, stress and lifestyle factors can also contribute to the inability to have children.

Infertility Diagnosis and Aftermath


Diagnosing infertility involves assessing the couple’s medical history, lifestyle and genetic factors. For diagnosis, we need a complete gynecological examination and hormonal examination of the woman, a spermiogram (sperm analysis) of the man, and a uterine film (HSG) of the uterus to detect any anatomical problems in the woman.


It is normal for couples diagnosed with infertility to experience emotional difficulties. Resources such as support groups, counseling services and couples therapy can be important in this process. It is important to remember that modern medicine can offer solutions to many infertility conditions and it is important for couples to seek professional help without despair.

Contact Op. Dr. Duygu Mutlu.

Contact us if you suspect infertility and need infertility treatment to have a child.

Infertility Treatment

In the treatment of infertility, we try to increase the chances of success by first identifying the problem and creating a treatment plan specific to couples. If the woman’s anatomy does not pose an obstacle to natural pregnancy, follicular monitoring and trigger shot are performed. Follicle tracking and trigger shot is one of the effective methods used for infertility treatment. This process involves a series of medical procedures aimed at increasing couples’ chances of conceiving naturally.

In the first phase, the woman’s ovarian development and egg release are carefully monitored. This is usually done with hormone monitoring and ultrasonography. When egg development reaches an optimal level, an egg release is usually triggered. Then, the couple’s sexual intercourse is timed correctly or timed to coincide with the appropriate time for the further step of shot (intrauterine insemination). IUI involves placing sperm directly into the uterus, which can increase the chance of pregnancy.

Follicular monitoring and trigger shot can be particularly effective in cases of low level or unexplained infertility. This treatment method aims to optimize the chances of couples achieving pregnancy naturally. However, each couple’s situation is different, so the treatment plan is determined on an individual basis. This procedure offer a safe and controllable option that couples can use under the guidance of a qualified gynecologist.

In addition, if there is a uterine deformity in the woman, it is planned to be corrected by surgery, while male patients with problems in sperm analysis are referred to urology. If success is not achieved with these treatments, couples are directed to a more advanced method, In Vitro Fertilization (IVF).